LANZMANN, CLAUDE (1925– ), French cinema director and essayist. Lanzmann was born in Paris and was active in the Resistance during World War II. After completing his studies in philosophy in France, he lectured at the University of Berlin in 1948–49. In 1952 he became acquainted with Jean Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, becoming their personal friend and a partner in their philosophical and public endeavors. Sartre, de Beauvoir, and Lanzmann founded the journal Les temps modernes (1946), and Lanzmann served as one of its editors. In 1970 Lanzmann left journalism for film and spent three years preparing Pourquoi Israël? ("Why Israel?"), which received warm reviews when it was screened in 1973. Lanzmann's most famous film, Shoah, on which he worked for over ten years, premiered in France in 1985 with President Mitterrand of France in attendance. Over nine hours in length, the film consists of extended interviews with Jewish victims, Nazi perpetrators, and Polish bystanders. In choosing not to use primary documentary footage, Lanzmann was convinced that the horrible reality of the Holocaust would emerge from the description of the terrifying events by the interviewees. Shoah was subsequently shown in London, New York, and Israel, as well as on television stations throughout the world. Other films directed by Lanzmann include Tsahal (1994), a documentary on the Israeli army; Un vivant qui passe (1997),an extensive interview with Maurice Rossel, a Red Cross official who wrote a glowing report of the Theresienstadt camp after visiting it in 1943; and Sobibor (2001), an examination of the revolt in 1943 through the eyes of one of is participants. (Gideon Kouts / David Weinberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lanzmann, Claude — (b. 1925)    French writer. Lanzmann was born in Paris and educated at the Sorbonne. He was part of the existential circle around Jean Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in the 1950s and he succeeded Sartre as Chief Editor of Les Temps Modernes.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Lanzmann, Claude — (November 27, 1925, Bois Colombes, Hauts de Seine, France )    The son of a decorator father and an antique dealer mother (both Jewish), he had to hide with his younger brother, future writer Jacques Lanzmann (1927 2006), and sister, future… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Lanzmann, Claude — (b. 1925)    French writer and film maker. He was born in Paris. He produced the film Shoah dealing with the Holocaust …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Claude Lanzmann — (right) in 2008 Shoah film poster …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Lanzmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lanzmann. Claude Lanzmann …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanzmann —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Pour consulter un article plus général, voir : Nom de famille germanique. Lanzmann est un nom de famille notamment porté par :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Lanzmann — (2008) Claude Lanzmann (* 27. November 1925 in Paris) ist ein französischer Regisseur von Dokumentarfilmen und Produzent. Er ist Herausgeber des von Jean Paul Sartre und Simone de Beauvoir gegründeten Magazins Les Temps modernes. Sein jüngerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Lanzmann — (Bois Colombes, 27 de noviembre de 1925), es un director de cine, guionista, productor y periodista francés. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Filmografía 2.1 Dirección …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lanzmann — is a surname that may refer to: * Claude Lanzmann, Paris based filmmaker * Jacques Lanzmann, French writer, scriptwriter and lyric writeree also* Landsman …   Wikipedia

  • Lanzmann — Personen namens Lanzmann sind Claude Lanzmann, (* 1925), französischer Regisseur Jacques Lanzmann, (* 1927), französischer Schriftsteller und Journalist Siehe auch Landsmann Lenzmann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”